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Pochi

How I paint rust.

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A few people asked me how I painted the rust for my Ogre Commander so here is a tutorial.

For this tutorial I dug through my Bones 3 to find something that had a large expanse of metal to properly show the technique I use. My genius husband grabbed the iron maiden. Perfect! You can use this on any metal that you want to rust but I wanted something big so everyone can plainly see.

 

So the first thing I do is paint the metal just how I would if I weren't messing it up. I used gunmetal as my basecoat. I usually end up with three thin layers to make sure I have opaque coverage. I mixed dark brown (the same one I will use for rust) into my gunmetal and shaded. I used my painting lamp to determine shadows and highlights for this one but you can decide where your light source will be. I then mixed in more of the brown and did my darkest shade. (You can shade yours however you like, I just chose brown this time, I could have easily have chosen dark grey or purple!) I then used silver to go in and hit the "hot spots" where it would be the shiniest.

 

59992ceebfeea_Rust001.jpg.45fafdffbe729c92b3145ae64b1128d8.jpg

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I do not use my brightest highlight, which I use Vallejo Metal Medium usually, when I am going to muck up my metal. I let silver be the highest highlight.

 

I use P3 Umbral Umber, Army Painter Chaotic Red, and Army Painter Lava Orange for my rust colors. This just happens to be what I have on hand but any dark brown, deep maroon, and bright orange will give you similar results.

 

59992dcde3be8_Rust006.thumb.jpg.1f98d4b6988de2f0e8bf3308770ca87b.jpg

 

I do not use a nice sable brush for this technique. I am going to be dabbing and splotching and would ruin a good brush. I use a brush that is already past its prime that I keep around to do dirty work like applying washes or mixing colors.

 

59992e10827ef_Rust010.thumb.jpg.c62c87aee9b8d8217be2726618287e3f.jpg

 

My husband couldn't figure out the focus so all of the next photos were blurry. I dip my brush in the umbral umber and drag it out leaving some paint behind on the palette. I do not want thin paint for this nor do I want my brush heavily loaded. I don't want the paint to run and I want to have control over how much goes on the mini. I splotch the brown on where I want the rust to be. I google images of rusted armor, rusted wrought iron, or whatever I am working on to see how the rust might form on different things. I can use these as guides or just put the rust wherever I think it looks good. I do try and keep some "rules" like I think rust forms along the edges where moisture would settle and around bolts and rivets and hinges.

 

59992ef2872d7_Rust015.jpg.bdb44bdaa3fa065d93ea0f3395306c94.jpg

 

59992f04793d0_Rust020.jpg.67d95600981860fe2b330ce4db806f0c.jpg

 

Continues in reply....

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Next I dip my brush in the chaotic red and drag it out same as before. I dab the red on over the brown but I am not trying to cover the brown. Leave some of the brown peeking through. Get some red on the metal? That's ok. Get too much on? Smush it around. Can't fix it and it's too bright? Dab a little of your brown back over it. This is very forgiving.

 

59992f8e1eedc_Rust025.thumb.jpg.571f3a3bad49ce60006ce9d32ee45b85.jpg

 

Here is how it looks after the red has been applied over the brown.

 

59992fb66d8f0_Rust028.jpg.9fb9b110a2d19c7ddfe780962c676c58.jpg\

 

Next, I dab my brush into the orange. I do not want a lot of paint on my brush as I am going to not be splotching as much but more carefully dabbing the orange on. Again, leave some red and brown showing through. I also dot little bits of orange onto the metal next to the large areas of rust.

 

59993031bbfd5_Rust037.thumb.jpg.a674ddfdadbaaeb75d86e09750dc4e5f.jpg

 

Here is how it looks after the orange has been applied.

 

59993057e223d_Rust040.jpg.2af32d37c686ad16f28a211491b36ffb.jpg

 

At this point, I look and see if I have rusted over anything that I think should still be metal. Maybe the bolts aren't totally rusted so I get my gunmetal and lightly touch paint to the areas I want the metal to show back through the rust.

 

599930687a43f_Rust047.thumb.jpg.5efa7f81dac20a8bf4c70b181acaf2bd.jpg

 

Continues in reply....

 

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Now I am ready to do a wash. I use Army Painter Dark Tone for my rusty metal look.

 

599930e8c371c_Rust049.thumb.jpg.cd8d48bda606e7f87dcc4b95cb54399b.jpg

 

I do not worry about dabbing my brush off after I dip it in the wash. I brush it right on the mini. If it puddles too much, I take a clean, dry brush and wick away the excess.

 

599931238d1b2_Rust055.thumb.jpg.c5a2506561a93fce7087bcfe2ba4b1b2.jpg

 

I apply the wash liberally all over the rust and metal areas.

 

5999314f2ad94_Rust058.thumb.jpg.5699e832a6a3c4b0b6d2ede4cdda10aa.jpg

 

I then set it aside and let it dry. Here is how it looks when dried.

 

599931832e16c_Rust061.jpg.15dbb5992d228e24aeb1cdde2ac4280f.jpg

 

599931949ff37_Rust065.jpg.c57891e845a6d7cd85a7f31bd068bca4.jpg

 

That's it!

 

I have more photos and go a little more in depth on my mini page linked in my signature if you're interested.

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I have all the shades except for that dark brown (which I'm sure I have an adequate shade for) yay! Thank you for making this tutorial! Actually the red would have never really come to my mind. This will be a great help when I start on some undead etc. The effect turned out so cool :D

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4 hours ago, Glamberry said:

I have all the shades except for that dark brown (which I'm sure I have an adequate shade for) yay! Thank you for making this tutorial! Actually the red would have never really come to my mind. This will be a great help when I start on some undead etc. The effect turned out so cool :D

Any dark brown would work. Like I said, this is just what I had on hand. I use the darkest brown I have.

You're welcome!

 

2 hours ago, Knochensack said:

Really great tutorial.

 

I'll put it to my list of stuff I've got to try!

 

Thank you for sharing it with us!

You're welcome!

 

2 hours ago, Glitterwolf said:

Awesome thx! I use vallejo rust colours and chipping medium. But this is a great technique.

I haven't tried any of the chipping or crackle mediums or anything. Not as easy to find here and I am not sure how to use them anyway. ::P: I have a few pigments for different things that I haven't tried yet either.

Edited by Pochi
Spelling is hard.
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There are youtube clips how to use it. Basically paint a colour you want to let shine through. Apply chipping medium. Apply top colour. Let dry. Use wet toothbrush to chip off paint where you want the bottom layer to show. Let dry. Touch up edges and done. I use vallejo chipping medium. Doesn't Reaper has one maybe?

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55 minutes ago, Glitterwolf said:

There are youtube clips how to use it. Basically paint a colour you want to let shine through. Apply chipping medium. Apply top colour. Let dry. Use wet toothbrush to chip off paint where you want the bottom layer to show. Let dry. Touch up edges and done. I use vallejo chipping medium. Doesn't Reaper has one maybe?

Interesting. The next time I will see Reaper paints is in January at Cancon. I try and pick up a few bottles at each con here (twice a year). For sure my next purchase is going to be the clears. I can find Vallejo paints here in the game shops, I'll have to look and see what they have. Even techniques I think I may not use all the time, I still want to learn!

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